• Category
  • >Financial Analytics

Green Bonds Explained- Working, Examples and Advantages

  • Akshit Anthony
  • Nov 25, 2021
Green Bonds Explained- Working, Examples and Advantages title banner

A Green bond is a fixed-income instrument that is typically used to fund environmental projects. It includes pollution prevention, clean water, and safe transportation, among other things. Because the issuer's balance sheet backs such bonds, they have the same credit rating as the issuer.


(Related Reading: 4 Types of Bonds)


In the year 2009, the World Bank issued the first green bond. Green bonds are used to fund and support environmental and climate-related projects. These bonds are used to fund initiatives like pollution prevention, clean water, enough agricultural facilities, adequate transportation, and effective water management, among others. Green bonds also offer incentives to encourage more investors to participate.


(Related Reading: 5 Ways to Improve Credit Score)


Because these bonds are backed by the issuer's balance sheet and are connected with assets. They have the same credit rating as the issuer.


(Related Blog: What is Green Economy?)



The History of Green Bonds



The issue of green bonds was just $2.6 billion in 2012. Green bonds, on the other hand, are beginning to emerge in 2016. According to the report, Chinese borrowers accounted for $32.9 billion of overall issuance or a third of all issuers.


According to the most recent statistics from the rating agency, green bond issuance reached a new high in 2017, with worldwide investment topping $161 billion. 


 The stats by the rating agency also gives supported ratings to evaluate risk and a borrower's ability to make interest payments while closely monitoring investor ratings.   


Growth dropped significantly in 2018, hitting $167 billion, but surged the following year as market awareness of climate change grew. Green bond funds emerged in the twenty-first century's first decade, giving private investors more capacity to engage in these efforts.


( Related readings : Understanding Key Differences Between Stocks & Bonds )



Concept of a Green Bonds


Green Bonds are specialist bonds that promote climate-related environmental projects and encourage sustainability. Green bonds fund programs that promote clean energy, pollution prevention, sustainable organic , fisheries and forestry, aquatic and terrestrial ecosystem conservation, clean transportation, clean water, and long-term water management.


It also sponsors the development of ecologically friendly technology and the mitigation of global climate change's effects. You might want to explore more about Clean Energy check out our blog here


Green bonds provide tax benefits such as tax credits, making them more appealing to investors than identical taxable bonds. These types of bond returns are taxed at the state or federal level.


(Must Check: 13 Types of Taxes)


Investors should examine how much of the income will be left after taxes are deducted when deciding whether to invest in a taxable or tax-exempt bond. These tax breaks give a financial incentive to address pressing societal challenges like global climate change by shifting to renewable energy sources.


Green bond status is frequently validated by a third party, such as the Climate Bond Standard Board, which confirms that the bond will support environmentally beneficial initiatives.


( Related readings : How Does Risk Management Benefit in Finance? )



How Do Green Bonds work?


Green bond markets allow investors to fund environmental projects without sacrificing financial gains. Green bonds are typically issued to supplement a fund or to fund ecological or climate change projects. Investors in green bonds have the right to know more about the project they have made their investments. The green bond issuer must offer extensive information about the project to green bond investors.



Examples of Green Bonds


  1. Tesla Motors Inc., based in the United States, is an excellent example of a green bond. It issued $600 million in convertible bonds in 2013.


  1. The London Stock Exchange (LSE) has created green bond sectors to provide investors with a balanced view of green initiatives.


  1. The Nigerian government sold $64 million in green bonds to local investors to fund solar power, transportation, and deforestation initiatives.


 (Related readings :  What are Strategic Analysis Tools?)



What is the volume of the green bond market?


In 2007, the first green bonds were issued. For over a decade, the market developed slowly, but suddenly it took off. Global green initiatives like the Paris Climate Agreement and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals have aided this expansion.


Green bonds also see strong demand, with significant investors ranging from asset managers to insurers and pension funds eager to purchase them. Take a look at the EU deal: orders were more than 11 times higher than the number of stocks offered.


Green bonds may be less expensive to issue than traditional bonds because of the high demand.


(Must Check: What is Active Solar Energy?)


The green bond market is quickly rising, fueled by a mix of political will and investor hunger. According to the Climate Bonds Initiative, annual issuance may reach $1 trillion by 2023. 


That's a significant achievement, while it's still a tiny part of the world bond  market, which is estimated to be worth over $130 trillion. As a result, green bonds have lots of opportunities to expand.


( Related readings : Equity Financing: Sources, Advantages & Disadvantages



Classification of Green Bonds


Climate bonds use set criteria to clarify the green bonds for the green bond index. The following procedure can be used to classify a green bond:


  1. Identification of Self-Labeled Bonds: To be legitimate, the issuer of green bonds must mark the bonds as "green" in a public document.


  1. Eligible Bond Structures: The second phase in the green bond categorization procedure is the suitable bond structure. The qualifying bonds are classified into two categories in this step: asset-linked and asset-backed arrangements.


  1. Utilization of Green Bond Money: The issuer must use the revenue from green bonds for green initiatives. If the issuer uses more than 5% of the revenue for non-green reasons, the bonds are not deemed green and will not be included in the green bonds.


  1. Filtering by Green Certifications: The climate bond examines green assets. If they fall inside the climate bond taxonomy, they should be included in the bond list. And it should be omitted if it does not fit within the climate bond taxonomy.


Internally, the process of selecting the bonds in the green bond blanket is evaluated every year; other experts can also guide as needed.



Advantages of Green Bond Investments


The following are some of the advantages:


  1. Creates Company Goodwill: Because green bonds are used to fund environmental initiatives, they are an excellent method to invest and positively influence the company's consumers, resulting in goodwill.


  1. Encourage More Investors: Many investors are only ready to invest in environmental initiatives, and investing in green bonds is the most excellent option.


  1. Green Bonds Revenue: The green bond revenue can be utilized by the investor to repay the bank loan and improve their operating capital.


  1. Environmentally Beneficial: Green bonds benefit the environment by financing environmental initiatives, contributing to environmental progress.


(Related reading :  Ultra-short Bond Fund- Everything You Need to Know )




To summarise, Green bonds are suitable for our environment since green initiatives lead to environmental development.


Investing in them also allows the investor to return the bank loan and increase the fund level by utilizing the money generated by green bonds.


The established rules are required for a healthy Green Bond market. Private investors may be attracted to the Green Bond market by strategic public-sector investments, which will boost their confidence in the market.